The Fundamentals Of Art

"Learn the rules like a pro, so you can break them like an artist."

Every artist has some understanding of the fundamentals of art. Here is an overview of the basics, once you have these down the fun part truly begins! Enjoy!

Color- Color is broken down into three groups, primary colors, secondary colors, and tertiary colors. Once you understand these groups, you can understand how they work together in harmony. The color wheel is a useful tool to help you understand how colors compliment one another.

Primary Colors: Red, yellow, and blue.
Primary colors are the 3 colors that cannot be mixed or formed by any combination of other colors. All other colors are derived from these 3 hues.

Secondary Colors: Green, orange, and purple.
Secondary colors are the colors formed by mixing the primary colors.

Tertiary Colors: Yellow-orange, red-orange, red-purple, blue-purple, blue-green, and yellow-green.
Tertiary colors are the colors formed by mixing a primary and a secondary color. That's why the hue has a two-word name.

Texture refers to the way something feels who you touch it or looks as it may feel if it were touched. Texture created in drawings or paintings can be simulated. The illusion of texture is heavily dependent on the use of value.


When referring to art, space is the area around, above, and within an object. Six ways an artist can create space is by overlapping, object placement, size, detail, perspective, and color/value. There are two mail types of space, positive and negative. Positive space is the actual shapes and forms in a piece of art and negative space is the areas of empty space between the shapes and forms.


Line has many uses in the art world, it can control where a viewers eye goes, it can define edges, it can indicate form and movement, and it can show like and value. The most basic way that line can show light and value is through the use of cross-hatching.


Form refers to objects that have length, width, and height. The world we live in made up almost entirely of forms. There are two types of forms, geometric and organic. Geometric forms have set names (circle, square, etc.) and are normally man made where as organic forms have no set name and are most often naturally occurring.